Fire Sprinkler Engineering in Homan Square Chicago

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Searching for a top rated Fire Protection Engineering in or near Homan Square Chicago Illinois? The one to go to is NY Engineers. Not only for Commercial & Residential Fire Sprinkler Systems Design but also Architectural Engineering and HVAC Firms near Chicago. Contact us at (+1) (312) 767-6877

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Solicit any contractor or developer form Forest Park Chicago to Marquette Park, and have them recommend you a affordable HVAC Engineering in Chicago, and the answer you will likely get is contact NY Engineers. What is not very well known is that NY-Engineers.Com also your best bet for anyone looking for a fire sprinkler design engineering in Homan Square Chicago. To be honest there is no shortage of value engineering or protection engineering firms in Homan Square Chicago. However, when it comes to dependability is always best to choose a from like NY Engineers.

If you’re prepared to plan the construction of a building, one of the first professionals who you must talk to is known as a fire protection engineer. These are typically individuals who are well aware of design safeguards and threats that need to be considered. They might assist with the design of any building, confirming you will have the opportunity to control, plus avert, fires that may be disastrous. They often times work together with architects, building owners, and developers that are responsible for the making of a fresh home or building. There are several reasons for getting a fire protection engineer that you need to consider.

Good reasons to hire one of these experts – Here are the two main reasons for working with a fire protection engineer. To start with, you need to make sure the care of everybody that would ultimately enter that edifice consistently. And then, it is essential to have as many possible possible protections in position in the event that a fire starts. Exactly what they propose will probably be counted on developers, and later included in the exact building. If choosing a fire protection engineer is the next step in your project, you can actually find many of them which can help you.

Just What Is The Meaning Of Fire Protection Engineer in Homan Square Chicago?

The meaning of fire protection engineer is simply the study of fire in terms of our built-up environment and how architectural design sways the reasons and spread of fire. Furthermore, this work of engineering involves making use of engineering principles (mechanical, chemical, electrical, and civil engineering), chemistry, physics, material science, technology to apply underlying fire subdual system which protects both humans and the property involved.

In connection with this, fire protection engineering is actually a field and study that is certainly involved in saving lives and property from fire way before fire emerges. Fire protection engineers use their skill to impact just how the fire suppression system in a building occurs. For this end, they are going to have a say in the design of a building, the types of materials used in the erecting of the building, along with the building layout. Essentially, a fire protection engineer may have input with regards to fire detection and suppression method used.

Their efforts make certain that when a fire happens, the suppression system functions to suppress the fire effectively, allowing time for any individual in the building to run to to safety. Furthermore, the suppression system they choose should prevent the spread of fire, negating the possibility of the fire spreading more. There is only so much you can save this page if you would like more info on fire sprinkler design engineer services in Homan Square Chicago by NY-Engineers.Com we invite you to visit at our Chicago Construction Administration blog.

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Mechanical Engineering Design Options to Heat and Cool Residential Buildings

Construction Engineering Management

There is a broad range of mechanical engineering and design options available for meeting the heating and cooling needs of residential buildings. Normally, these systems differ in terms of the medium used to deliver their heating or cooling output.

  • Water Piping: Water source heat pumps, radiators using chillers, cooling towers, and boilers.
  • Air Ducts: Packaged rooftop units, packaged ceiling hung units
  • Refrigerant Lines: Split AC systems, VRF systems
  • Direct: Used by window-type air conditioners and PTAC units, which operatedirectly between indoor and outdoor locations, without ducts.

This article will provide an overview of some of the most common mechanical design options used for indoor residential spaces, as well as the strengths and limitations of each type of system:

Detailing Mechanical Engineering and Design Options

Mechanical Design Option #1: Four-Pipe System with Chiller, Cooling Tower, and Boiler

This mechanical design gets its name from the fact that it has two separate water circuits, one carrying hot water and another carrying chilled water, each with a supply and return pipe. The basic operating principle of four-pipe systems is the following:

  • Cooling is accomplished by a chiller and cooling tower: A chilled water circuit is used to remove heat from indoor spaces, and the cooling tower is used to reject it outdoors. If the chiller’s compressor comes equipped with a variable-speed drive, this system can offer a very high efficiency in cooling mode.
  • Heating efficiency is determined by the type of boiler. In general, gas-fired boilerstend to be more cost-effective than those running on oil or electrical resistance heating.
  • Fan-coil units are equipped with both hot and cold water coils, granting them the flexibility of either mode of operation.

The main advantage of four-pipe systems is their ability to use both modes of operation simultaneously and independently. This can be especially useful if heating and cooling needs are different across building zones, and especially in apartment buildings and multi-family dwellings where preferences and schedules normally vary by occupant. Of course, a four-pipe system is an expensive mechanical engineering system to install due to the presence of three separate water circuits: two for the distribution of cold and hot water, and a third one used by the chiller to reject heat through the cooling tower.

Mechanical Design Option #2: Water-Source Heat Pumps with Cooling Tower and Boiler

A heat pump can be described in simple terms as a reversible air conditioner: it can deliver indoor cooling through the refrigeration cycle, but can also operate in heating mode with a much higher efficiency than most types of boilers, especially electrical resistance boilers.

Due to their reversible operation, water-source heat pumps offer great flexibility in residential buildings. Individual units can be set to operate in different modes, and in combined heating and cooling applications the overall system can be extremely efficient:

  • Heat pumps in cooling mode extract heat from indoor spaces and release it into a common water circuit.
  • Then, heat pumps in heating mode can extract the heat now carried by the water, and release it indoors, as required.

The fact that heat pumps share the same water circuit means that the cooling tower and boiler only have to balance system loads, rather than meeting them fully:

  • If the cooling load is greater than the heating load, the cooling tower only has to reject the heat difference, not the total heat removed from all spaces.
  • The same logic applies if the heating load is higher than the cooling load: the boiler only has to make up for the difference, not the full heating load.
  • If the heating and cooling loads happen to balance each other out, both the cooling tower and boiler can remain off.

A four-pipe system lacks these capabilities: the chiller must assume the full cooling load while the boiler provides the full heating load – all the heat absorbed in the chilled water loop is rejected by the cooling tower, and can’t be used for space heating purposes because water circuits are independent.

HVAC systems based on water-source heat pumps are extremely efficient, although expensive due to the fact that every zone must be equipped with an individual heat pump, in addition to having a common water circuit, a cooling tower, and a boiler.

Mechanical Design Option #3: VRF System with Rooftop Condensers & Gas Boiler

VRF stands for variable refrigerant flow, and VRF systems get their name from the fact that refrigerant is used to transport heat instead of water:

  • One or more remotely located condensers provide a flow of refrigerant for multiple indoor fan-coils, and a variable speed drive is used to regulate flow according to load. The units can also provide their own heating.
  • For supplementary heating, a gas-fired boiler with perimeter radiation can be added to the system.
  • Two-pipe VRF systems require all fan-coils to operate in the same mode, but with three-pipe systems, it is possible to provide simultaneous heating and cooling for different areas of the building.

Other than operational flexibility, an advantage of this mechanical design option is their ease of installation: refrigerant lines are more compact than water piping and air ducts. These systems still have a relatively small market share in the USA, but are very common in Japan, where they were developed, and Europe. According to ASHRAE, VRF systems tend to have a comparable cost to that of chiller-based systems, potentially higher if the technology must be imported.

The modular nature of VRF systems is another strong point in favor of this technology. If there will be a building expansion, it is possible to expand the system by simply adding a new condenser and the corresponding indoor evaporators.

Mechanical Design Option #4: PTAC Units with Electric Resistance Heating

Packaged terminal air conditioning units (PTAC) are compact systems, very similar to old window-type air conditioners: the system is self-contained and does not require refrigerant lines, water piping, or air ducts, greatly reducing the installed cost. Some PTAC units are equipped with a resistance heater, allowing them to operate in both heating and cooling modes.

PTAC units offer the advantage of being self-contained and independent from each other. This gives them an advantage in projects that will be built in several stages, for example, apartment buildings, since it is possible to expand HVAC capacity as needed without having a common system on which all units depend.

The main limitation of this mechanical system is that they tend to be outclassed by other systems in terms of efficiency, especially when in heating mode. Resistance heating offers a coefficient of performance of 1.0, which means they must draw one watt of electricity per each watt of heating; on the other hand, heat pumps typically operate with a COP of 2.5 or more, or even above 4.0 if a high-efficiency heat pump is selected.

Concluding Remarks

There is a broad range of heating and cooling technologies available for residential buildings, and also a high degree of flexibility in how the overall system can be configured. No system can be considered superior to the rest under all circumstances – every project offers unique conditions that favor some technologies over others.

What kind of mechanical engineering design has worked the best for you? Let us know by commenting below.

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Fire Sprinkler System Engineer in Homan Square Chicago If you're searching for a fast responding Fire Sprinkler Systems Design Services in or near Homan Square Chicago Illinois? Your best bet is to reach out to is NY-Engineers.Com. Not only for Fire Sprinkler Plumbing Design Experts but also MEP Engineering and HVAC Chicago. Contact us at (312) 767-6877 Nowadays if you solicit any general contractor or developer form Clearing East Chicago to [...]

2018-11-09T10:54:23+00:00