First off, MEP stands for Mechanical, Electrical, and Plumbing, and MEP engineering belongs to the scope of construction engineering. These three disciplines encompass a spectrum of things that you may not even realize or notice as you go about your day-to-day life. It is what makes the building’s interiors suitable for human occupancy. The objective is to ensure that the newly constructed building systems are designed and installed properly. Whether it’s a shopping mall, grocery store, or even airport construction, the role of MEP engineering is crucial.
As aforementioned, MEP engineering is the science and art of planning, designing, and managing the mechanical, electrical, and plumbing systems of a building. This includes helping with cost estimation, construction administration, building management, documentation, and
The mechanical aspect of commercial and residential engineering covers anything that moves and uses mechanisms to perform a job. It may also involve some type of machinery, particularly the ones related to heating and cooling systems. The examples of mechanical engineering are HVAC units, energy efficient equipment, and kitchen and bath exhausts.
As for electrical engineering, the focus is more on the electrical wiring, component, function, and safety of a building. The electrical system is what keeps the lights on and powers up devices and machines. It is what helps all systems run smoothly throughout the building.
Some of the tasks that are part of electrical engineering are lighting design, power distribution, and voltage regulation. Lighting design is a crucial component of the electrical engineering process because it involves the development of a lighting schematic to suit the purpose of the building space. It serves functional and aesthetic purposes.
But perhaps the most important task is power distribution because nothing will work without it. This is not an easy process because the MEP engineer will have to create an electrical map to identify locations for outlets, breaker boxes, and other electrical hookups. After which, the voltage regulation system will be used to provide steady power. All of these elements should fall in line with the electrical codes set by the city.
Last but certainly not the least is plumbing, and this is more than just the sinks, toilets, and faucets. It is what keeps the drainage and sewage line in check. It includes everything from stormwater drainage to main sewage line, including the drains from sinks, bathrooms, and kitchens. Furthermore, this aspect involves the development of a full system schematic to show where the water is coming from and going. In other words, the plumbing system is what provides fresh water for drinking, cleaning, and more.
Taking all these into consideration, MEP engineers are mostly hired to work on large commercial and institutional projects. Whether it is the construction of schools, hospitals, office buildings, or even stadiums, MEP engineering is involved because the scale of such projects requires extensive planning and execution. Hiring an MEP engineer will provide significant long-term benefits as they can improve building performance while reducing the consumption of electricity, gas, and water at the same time.